412 Armour St.
Davidson, NC 28036
(704) 892-7536 phone
(704) 892-8481 fax

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Montessori Curriculum

“Our aim is not merely to make the child understand, and still less to force him to memorize, but so to touch his imagination as to enthuse him to his innermost core.”
Maria Montessori


Phoenix Montessori Academy offers five levels of experience:

Before and After School Care is also available. Phoenix Montessori offers a rich extended day program.  Before care begins at 7:15am and leads into the regular school day.  After school begins at 3:15 and ends at 6:15pm. These programs are offered for students in Kindergarten through 8th grade.


Toddler Program - 18 months to 3 years:

Class times: 8:30 - 12:00 (Half Day)
  8:30 - 3:00 (Full Day)
  7:30 - 5:30 (All Day)

5 Day (M-F) and 3 Day Programs (TWR)

Dr. Montessori characterized the stage of development from 0 to 3 years old as the age of the Unconscious Absorbent Mind.  The child is like a “sponge” absorbing knowledge from the external world. The information is not always acquired through conscious will or memory. The child resembles a person from an unknown culture, a pilgrim, trying to become oriented in an unfamiliar world. This period is the most critical because the greatest changes take place at this stage in life. 

The toddler classroom is constructed to facilitate this natural growth and development. The environment is the curriculum, thus it is carefully designed to foster independence and self-discovery. It is beautifully and skillfully assembled in a way that eases the transition from family living to living in a community. It is equipped with age-appropriate learning materials and child-sized furniture that make the entire room enticing and easily accessible to the child.
The teacher in a toddler classroom is committed to establishing a sense of trust and security between the adult and the child. The goal is that each child moves towards independence. Therefore, rather than force activities or attempt to train, the adult offers caring assistance as the child’s abilities naturally unfold.  

The morning work cycle is from 8:30 – 10:00.  Morning circle begins at 10:15 and is followed by outside playtime.  Lunch begins at 11:30 and dismissal is at noon for the half day children.

Goals of the Toddler “Curriculum”

To help the children to develop:

  • independence
  • concentration
  • a sense of order
  • language skills
  • fine motor skills
  • gross motor skills
  • self care skills
  • socialization skills



Primary Program – 3 years to 6 years:

Primary 3 & 4 year olds:
Class times: 8:30 - 12:00 (Half Day)
  8:30 - 3:00 (Full Day)
  7:30 - 5:30 (All Day)


5 + Year-old Primary (Kindergarten): 8:30-3:00

The primary classroom builds from the foundation established in the Toddler program. Around the age of three, a child begins to move from the Unconscious Absorbent Mind to the age of the Conscious Absorbent Mind. Children at this age have established a solid command of their native language and their fine and gross motor skills are well developed. The analogy of the “sponge” is still applicable during this period, as the mind has an ability to take in all aspects of the environment without effort or fatigue. They are prepared to move about and explore the world around them in order to create the “man that they are to become.”

The primary environment is carefully prepared so that this young explorer can go about his/her work of discovering the world. The room is rich with sensorial, academic, and everyday living exercises that appeal to the needs of each child.  All of the lessons in the classroom are self-correcting in order to promote independence. The environment is outfitted with child-size furniture in order to ensure comfort, accessibility, and utility.

The adult in this classroom has a dual role as a model and a follower, striving to cultivate the creative spirit of the child. Upon careful observation, lessons are strategically organized throughout the room for the child to independently use these works for self-construction. The teacher also presents well-planned lessons to individual children and small groups using specifically-designed, age-appropriate materials.

The morning work cycle is from 8:30 to 11:00.  At 11:00 the children break for clean-up and morning circle.  Outside time is from 11:30-11:55. Dismissal is at noon for Half Day students. Lunch begins at noon for Full/All Day Primary and Kindergarten students.

Following lunch, the 5 year olds (some 4½  year olds depending on ability) will engage in a longer work cycle that emphasizes academics and enrichment classes. The kindergarten children enjoy formal Music and P.E. classes.  This session is designed specifically for the development of skills necessary for success in Lower Elementary.Elementary.

 Primary Curriculum:

  • Practical Life
  • Math
  • Reading
  • Language
  • Writing
  • Geography
  • Science
  • Fine motor skill development
  • Gross motor skill development
  • Cultural studies
  • Education of the senses
  • Exploration of Nature

 Primary Goals:

  • Love of learning
  • Self-confidence
  • Solid academic foundation
  • Respect for others
  • Respect and care of the environment
  • Care of self
  • Independence
  • Ability to make responsible choices



Lower Elementary Program – 1st – 3rd Grades

Class time: 8:30-3:15

Age six marks the beginning of a new developmental plane which is defined by Dr. Montessori as the age of the Mathematical Mind. The previous stage involved the construction of the individual self, while this stage is more focused on the construction of the social self. The new gregarious being is concerned primarily with the acquisition of culture, has a highly active imagination, is devoted to morality, and has the ability to grasp abstract concepts. Dr Montessori likened the mind at this age to a “fertile field” where the seeds of knowledge will “germinate into culture.”

The Lower Elementary environment serves as an open landscape where everything has a specific purpose. Children are encouraged to explore the environment both independently and in cooperation with one another.  Lessons are often presented in the form of stories in order to engage the imagination. The classroom is equipped with a wealth of color-coded, didactic materials that entice the student to explore.  The materials are also self-correcting in order to promote success and independence. This creates a busy, productive atmosphere where intellectual development flourishes. 

The adult in this classroom is more engaged with the students. While the child’s independence is still paramount, the teacher and the students are more engaged in cooperative learning.  Free choice is an integral part of this experience however students receive many lessons from the teacher on a daily basis, and are expected to complete specific assigned tasks.   

Lower Elementary Curriculum:

  • Traditional course
  • Technology
  • Art
  • Spanish
  • P.E.
  • Music
  • Field Trips
  • Annual retreat

 Lower Elementary Goals:

  • Academic excellence
  • Independence
  • A love of learning
  • Self-confidence
  • Social responsibility
  • Respect for others
  • Respect for the surrounding world and community
  • A commitment to promoting peace



Upper Elementary – 4 th - 6 th Grades

Class time: 8:30-3:15

This program is designed to provide the lessons and activities necessary for 4-6th grade students to complete their elementary experience, since Upper Elementary is merely an extension and culmination of Lower Elementary.  The teachers and students explore concepts more deeply, and the children engage in more independent studies.

Upper Elementary Curriculum:

  • Traditional Courses
  • Art
  • Music
  • Technology
  • P.E.
  • Spanish
  • Chess Club

Upper Elementary Goals:

  • Academic excellence
  • Independence with Responsibility
  • Joyful learners
  • Ambassadors of peace
  • Responsible citizens
  • Knowledge of self



Middle School – 7 th – 9 th Grades

Class time: 8:30-3:15

Middle school age children are moving into a developmental plane in which they have the need to venture out into society.  Students at this age are motivated by practical, real life responsibilities, and therefore are encouraged to develop relationships with adults in the community.  These connections lead to opportunities for the students to learn and work outside of the classroom setting in professions that may interest them. 

This is also a time when peer relationships become highly influential.  Therefore, our program consists of many community building retreats and fields trips.


Middle School Curriculum:

  • Traditional Courses
  • Art
  • Music
  • Phys.Ed.
  • Foreign Language
  • Technology
  • Chess Club
  • Internship
  • Classical Studies

 Middle School Goals:

  • Academic Excellence
  • Self-Confidence
  • Development of identity
  • Community building
  • Citizenship